Malaria Epidemic Preparedness and Response Rapid Assessment Report

Malaria Epidemic Preparedness and Response Rapid Assessment Report




Abstract: Malaria epidemics usually occur in the western highlands and the arid and semi-arid regions of Kenya. These epidemics are characterised by high morbidity and mortality. Malaria epidemic preparedness and response (EPR) is geared towards the reduction of morbidity and mortality during epidemics through timely detection and response. A malaria programme review conducted in 2018 revealed suboptimal performance on EPR indicators and activities. Thus, the Division of National Malaria Programme (DNMP)—with support from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)- and the U.S. President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI)-funded MEASURE Evaluation project—conducted malaria EPR planning and review workshops for 127 sub-counties in 26 epidemic-prone counties in Kenya. The workshops were conducted between January and March 2019 to build the capacity of health managers to set thresholds to monitor and detect epidemics early and initiate appropriate responses. Rapid assessment visits were conducted in November 2019 to assess the level of preparedness and response to malaria epidemics in the counties and sub-counties trained. Ten of the counties trained were randomly selected for the rapid assessment.

A rapid assessment tool was developed through a consultative process involving the DNMP, the Division of Disease Surveillance and Response (DDSR), and MEASURE Evaluation. The tool assessed the level of preparedness and response to malaria epidemics in the counties and subcounties selected. The objectives of the rapid assessment were to assess vulnerability to malaria epidemics in the selected counties and establish the level of preparedness and readiness of counties and sub-counties to respond to detected outbreaks and their resource needs to respond to potential epidemics.

This report details the assessment and results.

Author(s): Kenya Ministry of Health

Year: 2020

Language: English

Filed under: assessment, EPR, Kenya, Malaria, report