Background: To reduce the malaria burden in Nigeria, the National Malaria Strategic Plan (NMSP) 20142020 calls for the scale-up of prevention and treatment interventions, including social and behaviour change (SBC). SBC interventions can increase awareness and improve the demand for and uptake of malaria interventions. However, there is limited evidence supporting the implementation of SBC interventions to improve key malaria behaviours, such as insecticide-treated bed net (ITN) use, among children in Nigeria.
Methods: Using data from 2015 Nigeria Malaria Indicator Survey, this study used multiple logistic regression to assess the relationship between caregiver exposure to malaria messages and ITN use among children under fve.
Results: Caregiver exposure to ITN-related messages was signifcantly associated with ITN use among children under fve (odds ratio [OR]=1.63, p<0.001).
Conclusions: The results suggest that caregiver exposure to topic-specifc SBC messages improves the use of ITNs among children. Given these results, Nigeria should strive to scale up SBC interventions to help increase ITN use among children in line with the objectives of the NMSP. Further evidence is needed to determine which SBC interventions are the most efective and scalable in Nigeria.